Jewelry Store in Portsmouth NH


Diamond April's Birthstone

Happy Birthday to all those with an April Birthday! Lucky, lucky you, as your birthstone is the precious Diamond!


Ancient folklore suggests that a diamond houses the beauty, brilliance, and strength of all other stones. The natural makeup of the stone is devoid of color. In combination with refraction of light, the stone creates a noteworthy rainbow brilliance categorizing the diamond in a caliber of beauty unlike any other mineral. Other ancient beliefs suggest the stone offers healing powers, protection, purification, invincibility and creativity. Stories circulated of their origination, some believing diamonds fell from the outer most ring of stars or weeping Gods. Today, diamonds are primarily used for engagements but also bear significance for those born in April as their birthstone and are often given to commemorate a 60th wedding anniversary and other significant and special occasions.


 In 1950, DeBeers released a campaign to promote the ceremonial significance of gifting a diamond, remember “A Diamond is Forever”.   Notable for having the highest hardness rating on the Mohs scale, a diamond is only fitting to represent the challenges and longevity of marriage and the resilience it requires. Diamonds have evolved to become synonymous with an engagement ring.


As diamond demands increased, four main components became the selling points for this stone. Cut, clarity, color, and carat, otherwise known as the four C’s, are what make each stone unique. Feel free to stop by Portsmouth Jewelers and we can help explain and show the four main components of this precious gemstone.


          The cut is not the shape, but the depth, symmetry, and polish that the stone is carved in to, arguably the most important of the four C’s. The cut determines brilliance of the stone. A cut too shallow may appear dulled and disproportional. A cut too deep may weigh in larger but appear elongated and sit too high once set. An ideal cut diamond allows light to enter and exit the stone with illumination and radiance.


          The clarity refers to the imperfections within the stone and is rated by degree. Many diamond cutters are able to conceal these small imperfections when they carve the stone from rough material. The location of the inclusion may also affect the diamond’s worth; so long as it is not directly evident, the stone may still hold significant value.


          The color of the diamond is rated in levels of “colorlessness”. While diamonds come in shades, hues, and varying colors of blue, yellow, and pink, a colorless diamond tends to be the preference of most. The setting of the stone can enhance or detract from the color the stone appears.


          The Carat is the weight of the stone. This is associated most with size, although the cut of stone manipulates the appearance far more than the weight. Carat is important when determining the rarity of the diamond. 


Each of the Four C’s is what makes a stone individual and inimitable. The importance of each is determined by the buyer’s partiality. Purchasing a diamond is a weighty financial and emotional investment, making each diamond search unique and unlike any other, much like a diamond itself.